A Report of Convention “Impact of Global Climate Change on Agriculture in Russia and India”

July 28, 2010- New Delhi - The Convention “Impact of Global Climate Change on Agriculture in Russia and India”, organized by Bharatiya Krishak Samaj jointly with Russian Centre of Science & Culture in the capital was addressed by prominent academics, agricultural scientists, environmentalists, M.P.s, and others, and attended by a large gathering of agriculturists representing several Indian states.The speakers were unanimous in making a clarion call for joint efforts by Russia and India on reducing the negative impact of global climate change. On this occasion Hon'ble  Smt. Sonia Gandhi Chairperson, UPA and Dr. M. Veerappa Moily, Hon'ble Union Minister of Law & Justice send their good wishes for the success of the programme.

A Report of Convention “Impact of Global Climate Change on Agriculture in Russia and India”

In introductory address President, Bharatiya Krishak Samaj, Dr. Krishan Bir Chaudhary said that Climate change is a reality and the main cause of the present situation is on account of the anthropogenic activities disturbing the composition of the atmosphere resulting in higher concentration of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) which accumulates along with other green house gases (GHG) like methane and nitrous oxide and contribute to increase in surface temperature of the earth. The main contributors have been the developed countries like US and EU but now other developing countries like China are slowly replacing as the main polluters. However, the per capita emission reveals that the main emitters are the developed countries. The consequences of these emissions are already visible with disturbance in climate which in turn is touching everyone's life. Climate is an important factor of agricultural productivity. Climate change is likely to impact agriculture and food security across the globe.  In  Another serious challenge confronting the agriculture is the competition for water resources increases, and the frequency of extreme temperatures changes.

Voicing his concern on the negative impact of global climate change, theChief Guest H.E. Lt. Gen. (Retd.) M.M. Lakhera, Governor of Mizoram, noted that the developing countries like India are highly vulnerable to its potential impact, adding that ironically the high-emission polluters in developed counties are going to be the beneficiaries of climate change and not its victims as far as food production is concerned. The world community needs to come together to discuss mitigation and adaptation strategies to counter global warming and climate change so that the poor are not made to carry the full burden of this man-made disaster, the Chief Guest said and added that what we need to do is to improve our traditional seeds in the Indian environment to achieve higher production by better means of water harvesting, soil fertility and organic fertilizers.

A Report of Convention “Impact of Global Climate Change on Agriculture in Russia and India”

Earlier, welcoming the gathering, Mr. Sergey Isaev, Head of Science and Technology, RCSC, said that global warming is the observed increase in the average temperature of the Earth's atmoslphere and oceans in recent decades and its project continuation into the future. He pointed out that Russia is today the world leader in reducing green house gas emissions. Russia accounts for half of all the reduction in emissions in the world over the last 20 years.

Making a clarion call on joint efforts by India and Russia towards reducing the impact of global climate change largely affecting mainly agricultural production, Mr. Oscar Fernandes, M.P., Chairman, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Human Resource Development, laid emphasis on focusing more on organic manure in agriculture, water conservation and water management. Globally, all societies will be vulnerable to changes in food production, quality and supply under climate change along with their consequent socio-economic pressures. Climate change is also expected to affect agricultural and livestock production, hydrologic balances, input supplies and other components of agricultural systems.

Pronounsing a note of warning that developed countries are more responsible for climate change, Mr. Harish Rawat, Minister of State for Labour and Employment, Government of India, said that those responsible should do the needful in the matter. In India, over 90 per cent of the people perform green job and they do not harm environment. Our Government is more concerned about agri-measures, and this is the major one among the eight missions it has launched, he noted.

Assessing the substantial climate change of recent years influencing all aspects of human life and activities, H.E. Mr. Andrei A. Sorokin, Charge d' Affaires, Embassy of the Russian Federation in India,pointed towards the green house gases and aerosol upsetting the radioactive  balance of the system contributing to global warming. Citing the fact that Russia is one of the countries where agriculture depends largely on climate fluctuation, Mr. Sorokin said that the impact of climate change on agriculture in Russia is very complicated and little-investigated. He expressed the hope that joint efforts of scientists from India and Russia will facilitate the introduction of innovative technologies and more effective cooperation in such critical areas as quality improvement systems for maintaining soil fertility and preventing land degradation, saving and mobilization of the gene pool of plants resources, effective biotechnologies for the selection of species with higher productivity and resistance to unfavourable environmental factors, the establishment of national systems of agro-ecological monitoring. Such cooperation could not only strengthen food security of our countries, but also make it possible to reduce the negative impact of global climate change, Mr. Sorokin concluded.

Maj. Gen. (Retd.) R. M. Kharab, Chairman, Animal Welfare Board of India, explained the negative effects creeping in the environment on account of human negligence and underlined various measures to obtain food security and better agricultural production.

Mr. Aboni Roy, M. P., in his observation referred to the imperative of stalling the efforts of developed countries in damaging the global climate with a view to maintaining the ecological balance.

Mr. Madan Lal Sharma, M.P., expressed the view that we in India are blessed with the greenery whereas the Western countries in abject violation of norms spoil the environmental harmony and balance.

Mr. Sajjan Singh Verma, M. P., called for more and more efforts to make our nature eco-friendly aimed it ensuring a sumptuous and comfortable climatic environment.

Mr. D. D. Lapang, Former Chief Minister of Meghalaya, Chairman, Nearth-East Congress Committee, said that climate change is a reality affecting agriculture and food security across the globe. He made an emphatic note on rising to the occasion to meet this challenging phenomenon.

Mr. Sunil Shastri, Ex M.P., described agriculture as the soul of the country's economy and agriculturists the backbone of our people. Referring to the global warming as a dangerous signal, he warned that consistent efforts are the need of the hour to contain it.

Mr. P. K. Thungan, Former Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh,underscored the great role India and Russia can play together joining other nations in confronting the serious issue of global warming thereby ensuring a harmless and safe atmosphere.

Mr.Harikesh Bahadur Ex. M.P., expressed the views that change of climate is effecting our agriculture productivity and the ground water level is going down.

Mr. Atul Kumar Anjan, Secretary, CPI, in his address was critical on the role of developed Western countries whose negligent attitude towards the crucial condition on global warming, which needs to be met with.

Dr. T. Meinya, M.P., in his presidential remarks pin pointed the suggestions and observations made by the distinguished speakers contributing to tackling of global warming so as to ensure ecological balance and a pure and peaceful environment.

Sh. Sangh Priya Gautam, former Union Minister , Smt. Neeva Konwar, Member, National Commission for Woman(Govt. of India), Sh. Oris Syiem Myriaw, Member National Commission for Scheduled Trides (Govt. of India), Capt. Praveen Davar & Sh. Ranji Thomas, Secretaries, All India Congress Committee, Jathedar Rachhpal Singh, Sh. K.Sareen, Sh. T.N.Fotedar, Sh. Sunil Dang, Sh. N. K. Agarwal, Director, Crop Care Federation,  Sh. Ajay Gupta (ICCR), Sh.Hatam Singh Nagar, Gen.sect.(UPCC), Ch. Raghunath Singh, Prof. Kishore Gandhi, Dr. Sanjay Kaushik, Sh. Dhirendra Pratap-Uttrakhand, Sh. Manish Nagpal (Ex Minister, Uttrakhand), Prof. Sanjay Jadhav, President, Maharashtra Krishak Samaj, Ch. Mahabir Gulia , President, Haryana Krishak Samaj, Ch. Ram Karan Solanki  President, Delhi Krishak Samaj, Ch. Bijendar Dalal, President, Palwal Krishak Samaj, Smt. & Sh. Raja Matin Noori, Sh. Prahlad Tyagi, Sh. Manish Chaudhary (Debas), and other prominent persons attended the programme.

The following resolutions were passed in the convention

Key interventions needed to scale indian agricultural challenges from climate change.

India has to takes on globally the climate change issues it needs to drastically reform its internal agricultural policy preparing itself in a war footing on mitigation and adaption. As part of the policy suggestion it was found that the following intervention would be needed immediately to equip Indian Agriculture to take on climate change:

1)  Zero Tolerance to conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural use.

2)  A resolve to make few regions in India chemical and synthetic fertiliser free by 2020.

3)  An urgent initiative or a bill to conserve biomass in the farm and Waste Recycling for  Agriculture.

4)  Incorporate in situ tree planting in all farming, adopt a Mixed farming as means to combat climate change.

5)  Special Mission initiated at the Country level to shift crop acreage to Course Cereal and Millets to enhance nutrition value of food basket and help agriculture to adapt to climate change.

6)  Free all the water bodies like ponds, lakes and tanks from illegal possession as per revenue record of every village and reforms initiated at the state level to rectify the same and scale up the level of water harvesting at a decentralized level.

7)  Special Intervention from Indian Government to regulate the flood water for effective recharge using deep bore technologies at suitable depths.

8)  Scaling up the organic agriculture and developing model centre of excellence and shift agriculture subsidies for intensive organic practices.

9)  Revitalise the rural credit and crop insurance in the context of Climate change.

10) Launching of Sustainable Traditional Agricultural Revolution (STAR) using local resources for beating climate change.